Right-wing populist nationalist Jair Bolsonaro, of the confusingly named Social Liberal Party, sweeps to victory as Brazil’s new president-elect, winning 56% of the votes in the runoff election against left-wing candidate Fernando Haddad. Brazil being the world’s fifth most-populous country (#2 in the Western Hemisphere), this is certainly a result worth noting.
Bolsonaro’s campaign slogan: “Brazil above everything, God above everyone.”
Andrew Fishman reports in The Intercept:
Bolsonaro, who has taken aim at the media throughout his campaign, chose to make his first statement after the election via Facebook Live, rather than a press conference. “We could not continue to flirt with socialism, communism, populism, and the extremism of the left,” he said. The broadcast was picked up by major TV networks, but repeatedly froze due to connection issues.
Brian Winter of Americas Quarterly provides a useful rundown of what, in his estimation, Bolsonaro’s victory means:
If there’s one thing Bolsonaro’s supporters and critics tend to agree on, it’s that upcoming months will bring an onslaught of death in Brazilian cities.
This is after all Bolsonaro’s number-one policy priority: relaxing laws and rules for security forces, allowing them to shoot first and ask questions later (to an even greater extent than today, considering police already kill 5,000 people per year). The goal is to intimidate or kill drug dealers, thieves and other criminals – and thus reverse the inexorable rise in crime since democracy returned to Brazil in 1985.
Bolsonaro sounds like a Brazilian Duterte. Of course, Brazil already has plenty of bloodshed, with “a homicide epidemic that killed a record 63,880 people in 2017,” as Winters notes.
2. Pro-business economic policy. […]
3. Near-total alignment with the Trump administration.
As stated above, the United States has become a kind of North Star for Bolsonaro and his acolytes – so much so that the candidate even saluted the American flag and chanted “USA! USA!” with the crowd at a campaign event in Miami last October.
This would have been career suicide for virtually any other Brazilian candidate over the past 30 years. But in today’s climate, supporting the U.S. has become a kind of code for rejection of the ideological left, which governed Brazil from 2003-16 and led the country into its current disaster. […]
This will play well with Bolsonaro’s base, and put Brazil more firmly in line with other South American governments. Argentina, Colombia, Chile and (arguably) Peru are also now run by center-right presidents who have aligned themselves with Trump, although with less enthusiasm than Bolsonaro likely will.
4. Erosion of democracy and its norms.
Here, again, there can be no mistake – Bolsonaro despises democracy, at least the version that has been practiced in Brazil over the past 30 years.
Having said that:
It’s worth mentioning that he may not have to [ignore or trample democratic practices and norms to get his way]. The outcome of Sunday’s election means Bolsonaro will be dealing with a far more pliant Congress than previously expected, especially if he wins the runoff by a healthy margin and has a strong mandate. Much of the judiciary may also support him.
Here’s Reuters on Bolsonaro’s policy platform.